Kellie’s Desolate Dream

Nestled between plantations, forests and rolling hills in Batu Gajah, Perak is a rare and uncommon sight in this part of the world – a beautiful brick castle on a hill surrounded by a beautifully manicured garden and a river (Sungai Raya) running through the grounds.

View from the rooftop of Kellie’s castle

But behind the walls of Kellie’s castle is a sad story, one of unfulfilled dreams, of tragedy, of love and lives gone too soon.

Moorish architecture crafted by artisans from Madras

The castle is not too far off from the Batu Gajah exit of the North-South Highway with clear signages leading up to it.

When we arrived at the spot, it was raining heavily so we sat down at the food court next to the parking area until it reduced to a drizzle. The gloomy weather accentuated the dark past of this structure, and created the perfect setting for the purported ghost sightings in this castle.

An intricately designed annex to the main house now in ruins

The story of Scottish planter and entrepreneur William Kellie Smith starts off well with the young 20-year old sailing to then Malays from his farm in Kellas in Scotland in 1890.

William Kellie Smith

Smith made his fortune through government concessions in Perak including to build roads and clear forests for plantations, in addition to investments in the tin mining an rubber plantation industries.

Smith owned the Kinta Kellas Estate and purchased a 960 acre piece of land for his rubber plantation in Batu Gajah.

This was the site on which Smith was to build Kellie’s castle, a home for his beloved family.

He went back to Scotland in 1903, and returned to Malaya with his wife Agnes. They had two children a daughter Helen (1904) and more than a decade later a son Anthony (1915).

kellie car
Smith and Agnes in their car. Pix Source: National Archives

Smith employed 70 skilled artisans and builders from Madras in India to build his castle which featured Moorish and Roman architecture with arched windows, columns, corridors and a tower. Buildings materials were sourced from all over the world.


Remains of what was supposed to be an oven in the cooks quarters
Moorish design

When completed it was to feature 14 rooms, a tennis court, a entertainment space on the rooftop, an elevator for it’s 6-storey tower (a lavish luxury at that time), a wine cellar and locals say a tunnel connects the castle to a nearby Hindu temple.

An annex houses cooks and servants quarters and a large kitchen area, equipped with ovens.

Steps leading down to the cellar that probably hides a door that connects to the Hindu temple – possibly an escape route in the event of an emergency
The wine cellar that would have held bottles for the Smiths who loved to entertain their friends and contacts

Visitors can go all the way up to the entertainment space on the roof and visit almost every room in this castle, including the wine cellar which was cool and dark – but nothing my phone flashlight couldn’t handle.

This Hindu Temple located about a kilometer away from the castle is probably the only one on the world to feature a Scottish planter as one of its deities.

A statue of Smith adorns the roof of the temple

The Mariamman Temple was built by Smith upon the requests of South Indian workers building his home after many of them succumbed to Spanish flu in 1914 (some accounts say 1920s).

Probably the only Scotsman to join deities on a temple roof

The building of the temple seemed to have appeased the Gods, and the workers recovered and continued with construction of the temple. They included a statue of Smith together with their deities on the temple roof out of gratitude. Many of the decedents of these workers still live around the area.

Construction of this castle was however not a smooth affair. It was apparently plagued with financial setbacks, in addition to the workers falling ill among others.

Despite this construction went on but at a slow pace, until tragedy struck in December 1926.

Smith who had returned to Scotland, stopped by Lisbon in Portugal (some accounts say it was a business trip, others state that he had stopped by to order an elevator for his new castle in Malaya) where he died of pneumonia at the age of 56.

Following his death, Agnes sold the plantation which included Kellie’s Castle to Harrisons and Crossfield – a large plantation company, and returned to Scotland with her two children.

With that the construction of the castle was halted, and the unfinished structure was abandoned and fell into disrepair for several decades until it was restored and turned into a tourist destination.

Anthony Kellie Smith died in World War II and not much has been documented about Agnes Smith or Helen Smith. One article written four years ago by a local daily Utusan Malaysia indicated that Anthony’s grandson (no name given) had visited the castle his great-grandfather had envisioned for his loved ones, but tragically never had the chance to complete.

Today, his dream is relished by locals and visitors to Malaysia. It was a sad ending for Smith, but depending on how you see it, the doors of his dream home did not remain shut.

View from the rooftop of the castle

His home welcomes thousands of visitors every year and has become a recreation spot for families in the area, and those who stop by from all over Malaysia.

More importantly, Kellie’s castle stands as a record of Smith’s love story for his family, his achievement, legacy and contributions to the state of Perak.

Kellie’s Castle today
An artist impression of what Kellie’s castle would have looked like if completed. Source:



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